Home Inspectors are like general practitioners for your home. They can look at every aspect of your home’s construction and tell if there is an issue. This includes, knowing if there is a mold issue in your home.
Why Test for Mold
When purchasing a home, it can be a great idea to do mold air quality testing. Considering you have no idea how well the sellers have lived or maintained the home, the air quality can be in question.
Furthermore, home inspectors can do mold testing for you during the home inspection process. This helps saves time and money by doing it together.
Lastly, mold can sometimes be smelled or seen if there is a serious issue. However, this is not always the case. I have personally been in many homes where there was mold testing was requested and I was shocked at the amount of mold spores that came back on the tests.
Completing mold air quality testing on a home you are purchasing, is like doing your extra set of due diligence and there is no true way of knowing if there is mold growth without testing.
The Process of Testing for Mold
Typically, inspectors come with many types of equipment.
The first one is a machine. This machine is like a small vacuum that sucks in air. The second part to this type of equipment are the cassettes. The cassettes are special devices that channel the sucked in air through a slide that captures air spores.
You can see an image of one of our inspectors completing air quality testing below. The top portion is the cassette while the case is the machine.
Other forms of equipment an inspector may use are:
A moisture meter to detect moisture levels.
A humidity reader to determine the level of water in the air.
A thermometer to verify the temperature of the home.
A thermography camera to look at temperature differentials.
And general inspection equipment like a flashlight and camera.
Test for Mold Process
When the inspector arrives, they can conduct an exterior sample first. This air sample is known as the control which is used as a comparison for the air quality inside the home. Each sample takes about 10 minutes to complete.
Next, the inspector will conduct interior samples of the home. The amount of interior samples to be taken depends on the size of the home. We typically recommend 1 sample for every 1,000 square feet of space.
An inspection company will also consider the areas of concern. For instance, if only one room is a concern for mold growth, we may only conduct 2 samples of the interior of the home: 1 in the room of concern, and 1 in the living room. In most cases during a home transaction, tests are completed based on square footage.
Next in the process comes inspection and recording.
The inspector will conduct an inspection of the property. If it is with home inspection, the inspector will conduct his/her general inspection. However, if this inspection is just for mold air sampling, the inspector will look for areas of concern using their knowledge and equipment.
Here are a few places of high interest for an inspector’s mold inspection:
The Air Handler – This area typically can have a lot of mold growth especially if it unmaintained and/or the filter has not been replaced with a HEPA filter.
The Roof & Attic – A common spot for water entry through roof leaks.
Exterior walls – Another common entry point for water intrusion.
Plumbing systems – Using thermography cameras and their knowledge of construction, inspectors can find possible water leaks inside the walls.
After conducting an inspection, the data is recorded with cameras. Moreover, the air quality cassettes are labelled and shipped to a laboratory for testing.
Getting Lab Results after the Test for Mold
The lab results are typically received anywhere from 24-72 hours (depending on work days and shipping). Then, the spore counts of each sample along with its corresponding spore identification are evaluated and compared.
To know if there is a mold issue in the home, the general consensus is if there is a higher amount of mold spores inside the home, then outside, then there is a mold issue inside the home.
Using the results, the inspector can give recommendations of next steps to either remediate or state there is no concern for mold inside the home.
The Most Common Concern About Mold
Black mold is a common area of concern when it comes to mold. This type of spore is caused by a water intrusion and can grow on drywall, dust, carpets, and all types of furniture. The technical name of Black Mold is Stachybotrys chartarum.
We can test for mold, including black mold using physical swabs. Air quality testing also tests for black mold.
If you have questions on mold remediation: check out the article on when should you be concerned about mold.
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